"The church in Ephesus was composted of different ethnic groups. Some were former Jews who tended to e critical, stodgy, and legalistic. Others left pagan Artemis worship to join the church. Their former lives smacked of occult worship, sexual promiscuity, and superstition. These two groups looked at life from totally different perspectives. But if they could not find a way to love one another and work together, the church at Ephesus could not stand. Paul writes encouraging works to help them, knowing that unity only comes through God's enabling power."
"About three years before Paul wrote this letter, he was arrested in Jerusalem on the charge that he had taken an Ephesian Gentile named Trophimus into the restricted temple area."
"A literal stone wall divided the temple in Jerusalem. It marked where Gentiles could not go, under penalty of death. The Jewish converts in the Ephesian church had continued to exclude Gentile converts out of habit, but God would not stand for it."
"When Paul says Christ 'set aside' or 'abolished' the law, he doesn't mean that the Old Testament is no longer the Word of god or a moral guide. What is abolished is the law as a set of regulations that exclude Gentiles. Other parts of the Old Testament law have been fulfilled by Christ, including the sacrificial system, which is no longer needed since Christ is the sacrifice for sins, once and for all."
"If the plight was estrangement and distance, the solution is nearness and belonging."
Ephesians Discovering our Identity and Purpose in Christ. by Sue Edwards